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Excellent transport solutions

Conveyor Belts and Transmission Belts

Excellent transport solutions

Conveyor Belts and Transmission Belts

VIS Encyclopedia

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Accumulation modea conveyor belt with a matt surface it is possible to accumulate the products on the belt during the belt is still running
Adhesivegood gripped surface of a conveyor belt (glossy)
Alligatormechanical joining in form of an alligator jaw for belt thickness between 1.5 and 6.4 mm - the joining is closed by a wire pin.
Antistaticbelts which are equipped with antistatic carbon fibres do not recharge statically
Aramidefoil with a high tearing strength and a good anti-vibration as well as resistance to acids and alkalis, also as tension for transmission belts, also known as Kevlar.


Belt supportrun of a conveyor belt (over a table/metal plate or pulleys)
Bottom strandreturn side of a conveyor belt


Carbon fibreare industrial produced fibres made of carbonaceous feedstock, carbon fibres are electrical and thermal conductible
Carrying sidetop side of a conveyor belt with contact to the goods to be conveyed
Chemical resistancecapability of resistance against chemicals like fats and oils
Coatingcover of a thick or thin coating on the fabric surface – PVC, PU, silicone, rubber, etc. are used as a coating material
natural fibre with a high dirt and oil receptivity, also used as tension material for conveyor belts in the food industry
Cross flexible
a cross flexible belt trough able in longitudinal direction. Bulk goods can be transported and cannot fall sideways from the belt
Cross rigid
by the usage of cross rigid fabric a conveyor belt becomes stable in cross direction. A cross rigid belt is not trough able.
Curved belt
conveyor system with a conveyor belt made of special fabric which enables the belt guided through curves, you mainly find it in the logistic industry
Cut resistant
a belt surface which has to withstand high stresses due to glass, metal or other sharp-edged objects


Elasticitycharacteristics of a basic material to change their form by force effect and return to the initial form
Elastomerform stable but also elastic plastics – in combination with transmission belts also known as rubber
Embossingsurface structure of a conveyor or a transmission belt
conveyor and transmission belts are normally endless welded or bonded and form a ring


F 1% elongationForce which would be applied to stretch a belt or a conveyor belt by 1% (SD value)
FDAFood and Drug Administration (FDA) is an admission board for public-health protection, conveyor belts which are in contact to unpacked food must comply with the FDA requirements
Feltis a textile, nonwoven fabric consisting of fibers, felt result from chemical and plant fibers by dry needling
Finger joiningtypical type of joining of conveyor belts – band edges were punched and welded in form of fingers
Flame resistant
flammability is a measure of how easy a substance ignite at natural temperatures – some of our belts do not ignite at all.
Friction coefficient
measure for friction forces acting between two solid materials – in this case between belts and drums


Glue Fglue to bond polyamide belts by using a heating press
Glue Syntic Totalglue to bond the rubber shares of a belt with a heating press
Grip structurerough surface embossing in form of honeycombs for the horizontal or inclined transport
Guiding profilesa guiding profile is used for guiding a conveyor belt and prevents the lateral runaway - guiding profiles are welded on the running side


Impregnationthin surfacing of fabric material with PVC, PU or similar basic materials – in the most cases 0.1 mm – for fabric protection
Inside lengthshortest endless length which serves as a measure for the preparation of a belt


see Aramide
Knife edgevery small pulleys (Ø 2-10 mm), mainly in the food industry for a better disposal of the goods


Leathernatural product to surface belts, particularly for dusty, oily or humid environmental influences
Linatexred surfacing for belts, used in the packaging industry
Linatrilorange surfacing for belts, used in the packaging industry
Longitudinal structurespecial embossing in longitudinal direction for the logistic industry
Low noisespecial low noise fibre on the running side reduces the acoustic level during the operating time, especially in the logistic sector


Malimospecial fabric for agricultural belts – consisting of warp and woof – it is sewed not woven
 Bänder hauptsächlich in der Logistikindustrie
Mattsmooth (hard) surface of a conveyor belt – suitable for accumulation mode
Mechanical fastenermechanical joining in form of wire clamps for belt a thickness between 1.0 and 6.0 mm- the joining is closed by a wire pin.
Minimum pulley diameterminimal pulley diameter for specific conveyor belts – the stronger a conveyor belt is the bigger is the needed minimum pulley diameter
Monofilamentnon-stretched single threads (0.2 – 0.4 mm) – conveyor belts with monofilament-fabric are cross rigid
Multifilamenttwisted capillary threads – conveyor belts with multifilament-fabric are cross flexible
Multi-ply fabricrobust fabric consisting of multi-ply staple fibre in longitudinal direction and monofilament in lateral direction


Needle feltis a textile, non woven material consisting of fibres - felt result from chemical and plant fibers by dry needling
Negative pyramid (NP)special embossing in form of little squares – often used as a coating for the running side
Non woven (Novo)a kind of fleece material with a textile tension and surface which is coated with latex, low noise and partly cut resistant


Polyamidetransparent foil as traction layer material for transmission belts
Polyesterfabric made of warp and woof – traction layer for conveyor belts
Polyolefinsemi-crystalline thermoplastic which are easy to apply – good chemical resistance and electrical insulating properties
Polypropylenesemi-crystalline thermoplastic – belongs to the group of the polyolefin – short mark PP
Pretensionelongation of a transmission belt (approx. 2.0 %) or of a conveyor belt (approx. 0.3 %)
Profiles / cleatsused for the transportation of goods to be conveyed especially for inclined transport. Profiles are available in different strengths and heights
PUplastic which is smooth as well as elastic but it also can be strong and brash – used as surfacing for conveyor belts
Punching beltvery strong and thick conveyor belts made of PVC or PU are used for the punching of foam and fleece material, leather or other materials
PVCall-round material – strong and brash thermoplastic material - only in addition with softener it becomes smooth for further processing
Pyrolysisthermal decomposition of organic substances with high temperatures (500 – 900 °C) – mostly without oxygen to prevent the combustion


REAChEU-chemical legislation (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals)
Reciprocating sawa reciprocating saw is a machine which is used to cut rounded wood or natural stone raw blocks. It is mostly powered by a flat belt.
Roller supportconveyor belt is guided over pulleys
Rough top (AR)very rough structuring on the belt surface for inclined transports
Round beltsdriving belt with a round cross section
Rubberoriginal caoutchouc – nowadays a multifunctional basic material – as a surfacing material for transmission belts and conveyor belts (see elastomer)
Running sidebottom side of a conveyor belt, this side runs on the rollers


Scarfinga grinded belt end - premise for an endless joining
SD-valuedynamic reference force elongation behaviour in a continuous operating mode at 1% elongation (N/mm width)
Shaft centre distancedistance between the driving pulley and the deflection pulley(s)
Shore hardnesswear behaviour or surface hardness of a conveyor belt – usually 50A (soft) up to 90A (hard)
Side wallsTside wall profiles are used for the lateral control in transportation of bulk goods – often used in combination with cross profiles
Siliconesilicone (polysiloxane) is the identification for a group of synthetic polymers. You’ll find silicone belts especially in the food industry because of their good release characteristics and the resistance against high temperatures.
Sliding supportconveyor belt runs over a table or metal plate – therefore it has to have fabric on the bottom side
Softenermaterial which is added to brittle and hard plastics to make them softer and more elastic for the further processing
Staple fibremultifilament which consists of fibres with defined length – resistant to tearing in cross direction and good absorbent
Step joiningthe ends of a conveyor belt are spliced and punched in form of steps   -  they are welded with the help of a heating press
Suction beltwith perforations the goods to be conveyed can be kept on the belt by the aspiration of air
Super gripvery rough structure on the surface for inclined transport


Tensile strengththe tension that is calculated based on the tensile test from the maximum achieved tensile force relating on the original cross section of the sample (maximum force)
Timing beltsdrive belts with sets of teeth that are running correctly in toothed belt pulleys – on the internal side there are teeth made of rubber (neoprene) or plastics (PU)

Trougharched edges by cross flexible fabric – enables the transport of bulk goods


V- profilesprofiles/cleats are welded in form of a “V”, especially for agricultural applications


Wedge jointgrinding the belt ends – the ends are welded by using a heating press
Wrap anglethe wrap angle defines the area of contact (in angle degrees) in those a flexible component clasp around another, e.g. belt on a pulley


1 – C solutionsolution to lubricate leather belts before joining